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ROSH HASHANAHSeptember 12, 2007

Sundown Wednesday night, September 12th marks the beginning of the Jewish new year 5768 and the month of Tishri.

Rosh Hashanah observances vary. Orthodox Jews celebrate Rosh Hashanah for two days. Reform Jews often observe it for only one day. In Biblical times the moon, not the calendar, determined dates for festivals. Witnesses watching the sky proclaimed the new moon. Since Rosh Hashanah falls on the first day of the month, people living far from Jerusalem did not have time to learn the exact date. Even those living near Jerusalem could miss the festival if the witnesses did not arrive on time. So, two days were set aside for observance so everyone would have time to participate.

 

Biblical Verses which mention Rosh Hashanah:

  1. §                     Lev 23,23-25 "And YHWH spoke unto Moses saying, Speak to the Children of Israel saying, In the Seventh month on the first of the month will be a day of rest (Shabbaton) for you, a Remembrance Shouting, a holy convocation. You shall do no work and you will bring a fire sacrifice to YHWH."
  2. §                     Nu 29,1-6 "And in the Seventh month on the first of the month will be a holy convocation for you; you shall do no work, it will be a Day of Shouting for you. [List of Sacrifices for Yom Teruah]."
  3. §                     Amos 8,4-5 "Hear this, O ye that swallow up the needy, that make the poor of the land to fail, Saying, When will New Moon Day pass that we may sell our grain, and the Sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsifying with deceitful balances?"

 

There are seven Holy Feasts in Ancient Israel:

1. Feast of Passover                   4. Pentecost (Feast of Weeks)

2. Feast of Unleavened Bread    5. Feast of Trumpets (Jewish New Year/Rosh Hashannah)

3. Feast of Firstfruits                 6. DAY OF ATONEMENT (Yom Kippur)

                                          7. Feast of Booths (Tabernacles/Sukkot)

 

THE SOUNDS OF THE SHOFAR

Tekiah -- one long, straight blast

 Shevarim -- three medium, wailing sounds 

Teruah -- 10 quick blasts in short succession

September 16, 2007 - Sheepfold Ministries

Pastor Phil Roland

ROSH HASHANAH

2 Chron. 7:1-14

“Self-examination, repentance and change are more important than New Year’s resolutions. In Jewish congregations the shofar is blown and change is mandated.”

                                                                                                                              Pastor Phil

“If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.”      v.  7:14

GREEK = metagnoia  = META-GNOIA = “With Another Mind”

I.  THE CONDITION FOR REPENTANCE - 2 Chron. 7:14

          “If my people. . .

            A. Honesty – Personal honesty in the integrity of your heart

B. Belonging – Repentance is the evidence we are His

II.  THE CANDIDATES FOR REPENTANCE -

          “. . .which are called by My Name. . .”

            A.  Unbelievers knew them and called them Christians - Acts 11:26

            “And when he (Barnabas) had found him,(Paul) he brought him to Antioch. So it

was that for a whole year they assembled with the church and taught a great

many people. And the disciples were first called Christians in Antioch.”

            B.  Receiving Jesus in your heart makes you God’s child - John 1:12

“But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of

God, to those who believe in His name:”

III.  THE CHOICE FOR REPENTANCE -

          “. . .will humble themselves. . .”

            A. G-d is near the humble

                 1. He doesn’t forget their cries - Psalm 9:12

“God does not forget the cry of the humble.”

                  2. Learn from the little child - Matthew 18:4

                        "Therefore whoever humbles himself as this little child is the greatest in

the kingdom of heaven.”

      3. Let your humility be seen by God - James 4:10

“Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and He will lift you up.”

            B. You will do well to remember:

                 1.  Where we came from - Isaiah 51:1

     "Listen to Me, you who follow after righteousness, You who seek the LORD:

      Look to the rock from which you were hewn, And to the hole of the pit from

      which you were dug.”

                  2.  That G-d is holy - Proverbs 16:18,19
                  “Pride goes before destruction, And a haughty spirit before a fall. Better to be
                   of a humble spirit with the lowly, Than to divide the spoil with the proud.”
                                 3.  That G-d hates sin - Ezekiel 18:20; Rom. 6:23 
                  "The soul who sins shall die. The son shall not bear the guilt of the father, nor
                   the father bear the guilt of the son. The righteousness of the righteous shall
                   be upon himself, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon himself.”
                  “For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ
                  Jesus our Lord.”
                  4.  That our best is filthy in His sight - Isaiah 64:6
                  “But we are all like an unclean thing, And all our righteousnesses are like
                  filthy rags; We all fade as a leaf, And our iniquities, like the wind, Have taken
                  us away.”
                  5.  That G-d always judges sin - Gal. 6:7; Num. 32:23

                  “Do not be deceived, G-d is not mocked; for whatever a man sows, that he

                  will also reap.”

                 "But if you do not do so, then take note, you have sinned against the LORD;

     and be sure your sin will find you out.”

IV.  THE CLIMATE FOR REPENTANCE -

            “. . .and pray and seek My face. . .”

  • T-A-L-K to G-d - Acrostic

T ell G-d you put your trust in Him

A dore G-d

L ove G-d with all your heart, mind and strength

K now G-d hears you when you talk to Him

           B.  Seek Him with your whole heart – Jeremiah 29:13

“you shall find me when you search for me w/all your heart.”

            C.  Seek Him first - Matt. 6:33 - “Seek first the Kingdom of G-d.”

V.  THE CROSS/ROADS OF REPENTANCE

            “. . .and turn from their wicked ways. . .”

VI.  THE PROMISED RESULT OF REPENTANCE -

       “. . .then, I will hear from heaven. . .”

            “. . .and will forgive their sins. . .”

            “. . .and will heal their land.”

            A. G-d will hear – Isaiah 65:24

            "It shall come to pass That before they call, I will answer; And while they are still

speaking, I will hear.”

            B. G-d will forgive – Psalm 103:12; 1 John 1:9

            “As far as the east is from the west, So far has He removed our transgressions

 from us.” -  “if we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins

and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.”

            C. G-d will answer – Isaiah 65:24

            "It shall come to pass That before they call, I will answer; And while they are still

            speaking, I will hear.”

“If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.”                             2 Chronicles 7:14 

 

ROSH HASHANAH,  TEXTS

2 Chronicles 7:14

When Solomon had finished praying, fire came down from heaven and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices; and the glory of the LORD filled the temple.

2  And the priests could not enter the house of the LORD, because the glory of the LORD had filled the Lord's house.

3  When all the children of Israel saw how the fire came down, and the glory of the LORD on the temple, they bowed their faces to the ground on the pavement, and worshiped and praised the LORD, saying: "For He is good, For His mercy endures forever."

4  Then the king and all the people offered sacrifices before the LORD.

5  King Solomon offered a sacrifice of twenty-two thousand bulls and one hundred and twenty thousand sheep. So the king and all the people dedicated the house of God.

6  And the priests attended to their services; the Levites also with instruments of the music of the LORD, which King David had made to praise the LORD, saying, "For His mercy endures forever," whenever David offered praise by their ministry. The priests sounded trumpets opposite them, while all Israel stood.

7  Furthermore Solomon consecrated the middle of the court that was in front of the house of the LORD; for there he offered burnt offerings and the fat of the peace offerings, because the bronze altar which Solomon had made was not able to receive the burnt offerings, the grain offerings, and the fat.

8  At that time Solomon kept the feast seven days, and all Israel with him, a very great assembly from the entrance of Hamath to the Brook of Egypt.

9  And on the eighth day they held a sacred assembly, for they observed the dedication of the altar seven days, and the feast seven days.

10  On the twenty-third day of the seventh month he sent the people away to their tents, joyful and glad of heart for the good that the LORD had done for David, for Solomon, and for His people Israel.

11  Thus Solomon finished the house of the LORD and the king's house; and Solomon successfully accomplished all that came into his heart to make in the house of the LORD and in his own house.

12  Then the LORD appeared to Solomon by night, and said to him: "I have heard your prayer, and have chosen this place for Myself as a house of sacrifice.

13  "When I shut up heaven and there is no rain, or command the locusts to devour the land, or send pestilence among My people,

14  "if My people who are called by My name will humble themselves, and pray and seek My face, and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin and heal their land.